Brindisi overlooks the ripples of the Adriatic Sea, with its natural deer’s head shape harbor, wedged in the mainland.
Long internal docks have been transformed into an elegant promenade, on which stands the ancient village is now full of pubs and restaurants. You can feel the history of Brindisi climbing the Virgilio’s Stairway at the end of which stand out the Roman columns terminals of the Via Appia, the city’s symbol, always been reference for sailors. Important center of Salento in southern Italy, the city has historically played an important commercial and cultural role due to its favorable position toward East and its natural harbor, which still exists, on the Adriatic Sea.
It was capital for Kingdom of Italy from 1943 to 1944. In front of the port, on the Sant’Andrea island, there’s the “sea fort”, the Aragonese castle also known as Castello Rosso, given by the vermilion color of stones. It is a complex fortification that occupies the southern promontory with constructions that follow the shape of the territory.
At the end of the fifteenth century date back the two bastions, round the inward, triangular the one towards the open sea. The second fort is the Castello Svevo, built by Federico II as a residence, fortified by the garrisons.
In Piazza Duomo, the heart of the city, you can admire the arcade of De Cateniano, the Provincial Archaeological Museum named after Francesco Ribezzo, messapica civilization scholar, and the loggia of Palazzo Balsamo.
The Museum displays an important collection of artefacts from the Prehistory to the Roman age, with sections about epigraphy, statuary and underwater archeology. The section includes epigraphic inscriptions in Latin, while the statuary togaed and loricate figures and female figures from the first to second century A.D.
Not far away, in the old ward of San Pietro degli Schiavoni, you can see the ruins of the roman Brindisi, with the paving of a road, the remains of houses and a spa complex. In the inner harbor, in the Casale area, stands the monument dedicated to the sailor of Italy, 174 feet tall, that evoke the shape of a large rudder made in carparo (compact calcareous stone, golden color).
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